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The Role of Digital Identifier Systems in the Theory of Digital Objects

EnJournal Paper
Khedmatgozar, H.R., Alipour-Hafezi, M.

(2017) International Journal of Information Management, 37, 3, 162-165. (Indexing)

Abstract

Theory of Digital Objects (TDO) can be considered as one of the important theories for explaining distinctive attributes and social practices of digital objects. The main aim of this study is to determine the role and position of digital identifiers and digital identifier systems in social practices of TDO. Results of applying comparative evaluation method demonstrated that the digital identifier systems can be considered as a third approach called identifiable Web, among memorable and navigable web in TDO. Moreover functions, technologically-induced tensions, challenges, counter mechanisms and emerging practices of the proposed approach had been investigated in contrast with the two existing social practices approaches. Results of this study could provide new ideas to administrators and researchers of these systems for promoting them from the sociotechnical aspect.

Keywords

Theory of Digital Objects (TDO), Digital Identifier, Social Practice, Identifiable Web

The Role of Dimensions of Perceived Risk in Adoption of Corporate Internet Banking by Customers in Iran

EnJournal Paper
Khedmatgozar, H.R., Shahnazi, A.
(2017) Electronic Commerce Research, (forthcoming) Accepted: Feb 23 2017. (Indexing)

Abstract

During the recent years, one of the issues considered by the banks in the field of internet banking is the adoption of corporate internet banking by corporate clients. The present article tried to examine the factors affecting adoption of corporate internet banking (CIB) by corporate clients based on the Perceived Risk Theory. The research hypotheses were tested using confirmatory factor analysis and the results showed that there was a significant relationship between all the risks and intent to adopt corporate internet banking by the corporate clients of the banks. The major factors decreasing the intent to adopt internet banking include performance, privacy, security, financial, time, and social risks respectively. Based on the findings of the present study and similar studies, a comparison was made between the importance of the dimensions of perceived risk in personal and corporate internet banking and suggestions were made for decreasing the effects of these significant risks for the corporate clients to adopt corporate internet banking.

Keywords

corporate internet banking, adoption of technology, corporate clients, perceived risk theory


 

The Mediating Role of the Dimensions of the Perceived Risk in the Effect of Customers' Awareness on the Adoption of Internet Banking in Iran

EnJournal Paper
Hnafizadeh, P., and Khedmatgozar, H.R.
(2012) Electronic Commerce Research, 12, 2, 151-175. (Indexing)

Abstract

One of the major issues banks are faced with in providing Internet Banking (IB) services is the adoption of these services by the customers. This study seeks answer to the question that whether bank customers’ awareness of the services and advantages of IB is effective in reducing the negative effect of customers’ perceived risk on their intention of IB adoption. To this end, the two constructs of the dimensions of the perceived risk and IB awareness are simultaneously considered. Besides, in the research model, the effect of IB awareness on each dimension of the perceived risk and the effect of these dimensions on intention of IB adoption by the customers are investigated. The results indicate that IB awareness acts as a factor reducing all dimensions of the perceived risk (including time, financial, performance, social, security, and privacy). In addition, it was found out that except for social risk, other dimensions of the perceived risk have significantly negative effect on the intention of IB adoption. Finally, proving the direct and positive effect of IB awareness on adoption intention, it was concluded that the dimensions of customers’ perceived risk plays a mediating role in the positive effect of IB awareness on IB adoption intention. In this respect, management approaches centered on the concept of IB awareness are offered for reducing the dimensions of customers’ perceived risk.

Keywords

Internet banking, Adoption, Dimensions of the perceived risk, Awareness


 

A Systematic Review of Internet Banking Adoption

EnJournal Paper
Hanafizadeh, P.,Keating, B., and Khedmatgozar, H.R. ( The authors are listed in alphabetical order and their contributions are equal in this study)
(2014) Telematics and Informatics, 31, 3, 492-510.(Indexing)

Ranked 1st on the hot article for Telematics and Informatics- 2014 full year (Access)

Abstract

This paper presents a systematic review of 165 research articles published on the adoption of Internet banking (IB) between 1999 and 2012. The results show that interest in the topic of IB adoption has grown significantly during this period, and remains a fertile area for academic research into the next decade. The findings reveal that the IB adoption literature can be classified according to three main themes: whether the papers seek to describe the phenomenon (descriptive); whether they seek to understand the interplay between the factors that drive adoption (relational); or whether they seek to draw higher level conclusions through a comparison across populations, channels or methods (comparative). A comprehensive list of references is presented, along with an agenda for future research that targets identified gaps in the literature.

Keywords

Internet banking; Adoption; Bank customers

Mutual Fund Performance Evaluation: A Value Efficiency Analysis approach

EnJournal Paper
Khedmatgozar, H.R., Kazemi, A., and Hanafizadeh, P.
(2013) International Journal of Electronic Finance, 7, 3/4, 263–280. (Indexing)

Abstract

Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is an efficient tool for evaluating mutual fund performance. It is important for investors to select the best funds for investment. In evaluation of mutual fund performance, besides quantitative elements, there are many qualitative elements that are of importance to the investors. In this paper, value efficiency analysis (VEA) was used in mutual funds performance evaluation to incorporate the investors judgements about qualitative elements into the evaluation. Also, the results of this approach were compared with those of general DEA models. This approach is based on choosing convenient variables (inputs and outputs) by reviewing the past studies. Then the input/output data are analysed using the concept of value efficiency, a novel procedure for incorporating the decision maker’s preferences into DEA via the most preferred solution (MPS).

 

Keywords

DEA; data envelopment analysis; value efficiency analysis; VEA; mutual funds; performance evaluation; fund performance; investor judgement; investment.

Neural Network DEA for Measuring the Efficiency of Mutual Funds

EnJournal Paper
Hanafizadeh, P., Khedmatgozar, H.R., Emrouznejad, A., Derakhshan, M.
(2014) International Journal of Applied Decision Sciences, 7, 3, 255-269. (Indexing)

Abstract

Efficiency in the mutual fund (MF), is one of the issues that has attracted many investors in countries with advanced financial market for many years. Due to the need for frequent study of MF’s efficiency in short-term periods, investors need a method that not only has high accuracy, but also high speed. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is proven to be one of the most widely used methods in the measurement of the efficiency and productivity of decision making units (DMUs). DEA for a large dataset with many inputs/outputs would require huge computer resources in terms of memory and CPU time. This paper uses neural network back-propagation DEA in measurement of mutual funds efficiency and shows the requirements, in the proposed method, for computer memory and CPU time are far less than that needed by conventional DEA methods and can therefore be a useful tool in measuring the efficiency of a large set of MFs.

 

Keywords

mutual funds; data envelopment analysis; back-propagation DEA; neural networks; large datasets; efficiency.

A Basic Comparative Framework for Evaluation of Digital Identifier System

EnJournal Paper
Khedmatgozar, H.R., Alipour-Hafezi, M.
(2015) Journal of Digital Information Management, 13, 3, 190-197. (Indexing)

Abstract

In recent years, with the development of digital environment, one of the concepts that have been particularly important is digital identification of objects in this environment by digital identifier systems. The main objective of this study is to answer this important and basic question: How and on what framework can distinguish a digital object identifier system from other identifier systems? To achieve this goal, a comparative framework which consisted of 7 main characteristics of digital identifiers in three major domains (namely identifier features, digital coverage and comprehensiveness of scope) was proposed. Then, an illustrative comparison of 23 well-known worldwide identifiers was carried out. Results of this study revealed that six identifier systems of DOI, Handle, UCI, ARK, URN and PURL can be regarded as the best choices of digital identifiers in public areas identified in the digital space and four identifier systems of ORCID, MIRIAM, ISNI and NBN are the best options to be used in certain specialized areas. These results can help information technology specialists to identify and effectively use of digital identifier systems in actual and potential practical areas.

Keywords

Digital identifier systems, Object, Digital Environment, Illustrative comparison

E-lending in digital libraries: a systematic review

EnJournal Paper
Alipour-Hafezi, M., Khedmatgozar, H.R.
(2016) Interlending & Document Supply. 44, 3, 108-114 . (Indexing)

Abstract

Purpose
Design/methodology/approach

This is the first review of the e-lending domain in digital libraries. It identifies the key works related to e-lending, categorizes them, provides an overview and identifies emerging research issues.

Keywords

E-book, E-lending, E-book lending, Digital Library, Systematic Review

Financial Valuation of a Business Model as an Intangible Asset

EnJournal Paper
Hanafizadeh, P., Hosseinioun, S.S., Khedmatgozar, H.R.

(2015) International Journal of E-Business Research, 11, 4, 17-32. (Indexing)

Abstract

Knowledge-based economies rely greatly on intangible assets. Based on its features, a business model can be an intangible asset; by posing barriers to imitation, it can create competitive advantage and increase a company’s value. Hence, a business model’s financial valuation is of great importance. Accordingly, the main objective of the present study is to design a process to valuate business models, using income approach and the concept of competitive advantage. An active corporation engaged in daily deal business was chosen as a case study. Its business model is identified and then valued using the proposed process. The results revealed that the process has reasonable accuracy. Financial valuation of business models is useful for bridging the gap between book value and market value, increasing a firm’s ability to raise capital from venture capitalists, improving bargaining power in M&A contracts and providing support in the case of litigation.

Keywords

Business    Model,    Competitive    Advantage,    Daily    Deal    Business,    Financial    Valuation,    Income Approach,    Intangible    Asset

The Role of Dimensions of Perceived Risk of Banks' Customers in Adoption of Internet Banking in Iran

FaJournal Paper
Khedmatgozar, H.R., Hanafizadeh, P., Kiyanpour, R.
(2011) Iranian Journal of Management Sciences, 5, 20, 49-68 (in Persian) (Indexing)

Abstract

With rapid growth of information technology and existing competitive market in banking affairs of Iran we observe that the adoption subject of electronic banking by customers have been considered by banks. One of new emergent application of electronic banking is internet banking (IB). This research has studied the effect of dimensions concept of the perceived risk of customers based on their intention in adoption of IB. The obtained results of employing Structural Equation Modeling and Confirmatory Factor Analysis show that the time, performance, security, financial and privacy risks are the main ones in reducing the intention of customers to adopt IB. Apart them, the social risk has a little negative effect on IB adoption. Based on the results, some suggestions have been presented to reduce the aforementioned risks.

Keywords

internet banking, adoption, perceived risk dimensions

Decisive Factors in Adoption of Internet Banking Case Study: Eghtesad Novin Bank

FaJournal Paper
Hanafizadeh, P., Asadi, J., Khedmatgozar, H.R.
(2012) Sharif Industrial Engineering and Management Journal, 28, 1, 87-98 (in Persian) (Indexing)

Abstract

I‌n‌t‌e‌r‌n‌e‌t B‌a‌n‌k‌i‌n‌g (I‌B) i‌s t‌h‌e t‌e‌r‌m u‌s‌e‌d f‌o‌r t‌h‌e n‌e‌w a‌g‌e b‌a‌n‌k‌i‌n‌g s‌y‌s‌t‌e‌m. A‌c‌t‌u‌a‌l‌l‌y, I‌B i‌s r‌e‌v‌o‌l‌u‌t‌i‌o‌n‌i‌z‌i‌n‌g t‌h‌e b‌a‌n‌k‌i‌n‌g i‌n‌d‌u‌s‌t‌r‌y a‌n‌d i‌s n‌o l‌o‌n‌g‌e‌r s‌e‌e‌n a‌s m‌e‌r‌e‌l‌y a‌n a‌d‌d‌i‌t‌i‌o‌n‌a‌l d‌e‌l‌i‌v‌e‌r‌y c‌h‌a‌n‌n‌e‌l. D‌e‌s‌p‌i‌t‌e t‌h‌e a‌d‌v‌a‌n‌t‌a‌g‌e‌s o‌f I‌B, r‌e‌c‌e‌n‌t v‌i‌e‌w‌s s‌u‌g‌g‌e‌s‌t t‌h‌a‌t I‌B m‌a‌y n‌o‌t a‌c‌h‌i‌e‌v‌e t‌h‌e l‌e‌v‌e‌l‌s o‌f t‌r‌a‌n‌s‌f‌o‌r‌m‌a‌t‌i‌o‌n a‌s p‌r‌e‌d‌i‌c‌t‌e‌d. D‌u‌e t‌o t‌h‌i‌s f‌a‌c‌t, a‌d‌o‌p‌t‌i‌o‌n h‌a‌s b‌e‌c‌o‌m‌e o‌n‌e o‌f t‌h‌e d‌i‌s‌c‌u‌s‌s‌e‌d t‌o‌p‌i‌c‌s i‌n t‌h‌e r‌e‌s‌e‌a‌r‌c‌h a‌r‌e‌a o‌f t‌h‌i‌s b‌a‌n‌k‌i‌n‌g d‌e‌l‌i‌v‌e‌r‌y c‌h‌a‌n‌n‌e‌l. K‌n‌o‌w‌i‌n‌g t‌h‌e d‌e‌t‌e‌r‌m‌i‌n‌a‌n‌t‌s o‌n I‌B a‌d‌o‌p‌t‌i‌o‌n c‌o‌u‌l‌d h‌e‌l‌p b‌a‌n‌k‌i‌n‌g c‌o‌m‌p‌a‌n‌i‌e‌s i‌m‌p‌r‌o‌v‌e t‌h‌e‌i‌r s‌e‌r‌v‌i‌c‌e t‌o a‌t‌t‌r‌a‌c‌t m‌o‌r‌e u‌s‌e‌r‌s. T‌h‌i‌s r‌e‌s‌e‌a‌r‌c‌h h‌a‌s b‌e‌e‌n c‌o‌n‌d‌u‌c‌t‌e‌d t‌o f‌i‌n‌d d‌e‌c‌i‌s‌i‌v‌e f‌a‌c‌t‌o‌r‌s i‌n t‌h‌e a‌d‌o‌p‌t‌i‌o‌n a‌n‌d u‌s‌a‌g‌e o‌f I‌B t‌h‌r‌o‌u‌g‌h a d‌e‌v‌e‌l‌o‌p‌e‌d t‌e‌c‌h‌n‌o‌l‌o‌g‌y a‌c‌c‌e‌p‌t‌a‌n‌c‌e m‌o‌d‌e‌l. B‌a‌s‌e‌d o‌n t‌h‌i‌s m‌o‌d‌e‌l, t‌h‌e a‌p‌p‌l‌i‌c‌a‌t‌i‌o‌n o‌f t‌h‌i‌s t‌e‌c‌h‌n‌o‌l‌o‌g‌y i‌s d‌e‌p‌e‌n‌d‌e‌n‌t o‌n b‌e‌h‌a‌v‌i‌o‌r‌a‌l i‌n‌t‌e‌n‌t‌i‌o‌n, w‌h‌i‌c‌h i‌s, i‌n t‌u‌r‌n, a‌f‌f‌e‌c‌t‌e‌d b‌y p‌e‌r‌c‌e‌i‌v‌e‌d u‌s‌e‌f‌u‌l‌n‌e‌s‌s, p‌e‌r‌c‌e‌i‌v‌e‌d e‌a‌s‌e o‌f u‌s‌e, p‌e‌r‌c‌e‌i‌v‌e‌d s‌e‌l‌f-e‌f‌f‌i‌c‌a‌c‌y a‌n‌d p‌e‌r‌c‌e‌i‌v‌e‌d r‌i‌s‌k. T‌h‌e q‌u‌e‌s‌t‌i‌o‌n‌n‌a‌i‌r‌e u‌s‌e‌d i‌n t‌h‌i‌s s‌t‌u‌d‌y w‌a‌s d‌i‌s‌t‌r‌i‌b‌u‌t‌e‌d t‌o E‌g‌h‌t‌e‌s‌a‌d N‌o‌v‌i‌n B‌a‌n‌k c‌u‌s‌t‌o‌m‌e‌r‌s a‌n‌d 381 e‌f‌f‌e‌c‌t‌i‌v‌e r‌e‌s‌p‌o‌n‌s‌e‌s w‌e‌r‌e r‌e‌c‌e‌i‌v‌e‌d. T‌h‌e‌n, t‌h‌e g‌a‌t‌h‌e‌r‌e‌d d‌a‌t‌a w‌e‌r‌e a‌n‌a‌l‌y‌z‌e‌d u‌s‌i‌n‌g a t‌h‌r‌e‌e s‌t‌e‌p m‌e‌t‌h‌o‌d, c‌o‌n‌s‌i‌s‌t‌i‌n‌g o‌f t‌h‌e C‌h‌i s‌q‌u‌i‌r‌e t‌e‌s‌t, a c‌o‌r‌r‌e‌l‌a‌t‌i‌o‌n t‌e‌s‌t a‌n‌d r‌e‌g‌r‌e‌s‌s‌i‌o‌n a‌n‌a‌l‌y‌s‌i‌s. T‌h‌e f‌i‌n‌d‌i‌n‌g‌s o‌f t‌h‌e s‌t‌u‌d‌y i‌n‌d‌i‌c‌a‌t‌e t‌h‌a‌t p‌e‌r‌c‌e‌i‌v‌e‌d u‌s‌e‌f‌u‌l‌n‌e‌s‌s, p‌e‌r‌c‌e‌i‌v‌e‌d e‌a‌s‌e o‌f u‌s‌e a‌n‌d p‌e‌r‌c‌e‌i‌v‌e‌d s‌e‌l‌f-e‌f‌f‌i‌c‌a‌c‌y h‌a‌v‌e p‌o‌s‌i‌t‌i‌v‌e e‌f‌f‌e‌c‌t‌s o‌n t‌h‌e a‌d‌o‌p‌t‌i‌o‌n o‌f I‌B. D‌e‌s‌p‌i‌t‌e r‌e‌s‌e‌a‌r‌c‌h h‌y‌p‌o‌t‌h‌e‌s‌e‌s, p‌e‌r‌c‌e‌i‌v‌e‌d r‌i‌s‌k h‌a‌s a b‌e‌n‌e‌f‌i‌c‌i‌a‌l e‌f‌f‌e‌c‌t o‌n t‌h‌e a‌d‌o‌p‌t‌i‌o‌n o‌f I‌B. M‌o‌r‌e‌o‌v‌e‌r, b‌e‌h‌a‌v‌i‌o‌r‌a‌l i‌n‌t‌e‌n‌t‌i‌o‌n h‌a‌s a p‌o‌s‌i‌t‌i‌v‌e i‌m‌p‌a‌c‌t o‌n t‌h‌e u‌t‌i‌l‌i‌z‌a‌t‌i‌o‌n o‌f t‌h‌i‌s s‌e‌r‌v‌i‌c‌e. T‌h‌e m‌a‌n‌a‌g‌e‌r‌i‌a‌l i‌m‌p‌l‌i‌c‌a‌t‌i‌o‌n‌s o‌f t‌h‌e s‌t‌u‌d‌y a‌r‌e t‌h‌a‌t, w‌i‌t‌h i‌n‌f‌o‌r‌m‌a‌t‌i‌o‌n a‌n‌d t‌r‌a‌i‌n‌i‌n‌g c‌o‌u‌r‌s‌e‌s, t‌h‌e b‌a‌n‌k‌s s‌h‌o‌u‌l‌d p‌r‌o‌v‌i‌d‌e c‌o‌n‌d‌i‌t‌i‌o‌n‌s u‌n‌d‌e‌r w‌h‌i‌c‌h b‌a‌n‌k c‌u‌s‌t‌o‌m‌e‌r‌s f‌e‌e‌l t‌h‌a‌t t‌h‌e u‌s‌e o‌f I‌B s‌e‌r‌v‌i‌c‌e i‌s e‌a‌s‌y a‌n‌d i‌s e‌a‌s‌i‌l‌y a‌c‌c‌e‌s‌s‌i‌b‌l‌e. A‌d‌v‌e‌r‌t‌i‌s‌i‌n‌g t‌h‌r‌o‌u‌g‌h m‌a‌s‌s m‌e‌d‌i‌a, n‌e‌w‌s‌p‌a‌p‌e‌r‌s, b‌a‌n‌k w‌e‌b‌s‌i‌t‌e‌s a‌n‌d o‌t‌h‌e‌r m‌e‌d‌i‌a, p‌r‌i‌n‌t‌i‌n‌g i‌n‌f‌o‌r‌m‌a‌t‌i‌o‌n b‌r‌o‌c‌h‌u‌r‌e‌s a‌n‌d h‌e‌l‌p b‌o‌o‌k‌l‌e‌t‌s c‌a‌n i‌n‌t‌r‌o‌d‌u‌c‌e t‌h‌e a‌d‌v‌a‌n‌t‌a‌g‌e‌s a‌n‌d e‌a‌s‌e o‌f u‌s‌e o‌f I‌B c‌o‌m‌p‌a‌r‌e‌d w‌i‌t‌h t‌r‌a‌d‌i‌t‌i‌o‌n‌a‌l b‌a‌n‌k‌i‌n‌g. B‌a‌n‌k m‌a‌n‌a‌g‌e‌r‌s c‌a‌n a‌l‌s‌o i‌n‌c‌r‌e‌a‌s‌e t‌h‌e c‌o‌n‌f‌i‌d‌e‌n‌c‌e a‌n‌d s‌e‌l‌f-e‌f‌f‌i‌c‌a‌c‌y o‌f c‌u‌s‌t‌o‌m‌e‌r‌s u‌s‌i‌n‌g I‌B s‌e‌r‌v‌i‌c‌e‌s b‌y c‌o‌m‌p‌u‌t‌e‌r a‌n‌d I‌n‌t‌e‌r‌n‌e‌t t‌r‌a‌i‌n‌i‌n‌g c‌o‌u‌r‌s‌e‌s f‌o‌r t‌r‌a‌d‌i‌t‌i‌o‌n‌a‌l b‌a‌n‌k‌i‌n‌g c‌u‌s‌t‌o‌m‌e‌r‌s a‌n‌d u‌s‌i‌n‌g d‌e‌m‌o‌n‌s‌t‌r‌a‌t‌i‌o‌n‌s t‌o t‌e‌a‌c‌h t‌h‌e‌m h‌o‌w t‌o u‌s‌e t‌h‌i‌s s‌e‌r‌v‌i‌c‌e.

Keywords

Internet Banking, Behavioral Intention, Self-efficacy, Risk, Technology Acceptance Model (TAM)

Digital Identifier Systems: Comparative Evaluation

FaJournal Paper
Khedmatgozar, H.R., Alipour-Hafezi, M., Hanafizadeh, P.
(2015) Iranian Journal of Information Processing and Management, 30, 2, 529-552. (in Persian) (Indexing)

Abstract

Identifier is one of the main elements in identifying an object in digital environment. Digital identifier systems were developed followed by a lot of problems such as violation of persistency and uniqueness of physical identifiers and URL in digital environment. These identifiers try to guarantee uniqueness and persistency of hostnames by using indirect names for Domain Name System (DNS). The main objective of this research is to identify qualified digital identifier system among other systems. To achieve the research objective, researchers have considered two major steps: first, identifying main criteria for distinguishing digital identifier based on literature review and focus group interview and second, performing a comparative evaluation on common identifier systems in the world. Findings of first step demonstrated seven main criteria in three domains for distinguishing digital identifier systems: identifier uniqueness and persistency in the identifier features domain, digital identification, digital uniqueness, digital persistency and digital actionability in the digital coverage domain, and globality in the comprehensiveness of scope domain. In the second step, results of the comparative evaluation on common identifier systems indicated that six identifier systems, included, DOI, Handle, UCI, URN, ARK and PURL, are appropriate choices for using as a digital identifier system. Also, according to these results, three identification systems Including NBN, MARIAM and ISNI were identified as suitable choices for digital identification in certain specialized fields. According to many benefits of using these identifiers in important applied fields, such as, digital content chains and networks integration, digital right management, cross referencing, digital libraries and citation analysis, results of this study can help digital environment experts to diagnose digital identifier and their effective use in applied fields.

Keywords

Digital Identifier Systems, Object, Digital environment, Comparative evaluation,

The Role of Internet Of Things (IOT) in Knowledge Management Systems (Case Study: Performance Management of Yazd Municipality Staff)

FaJournal Paper
Khedmatgozar, H.R.
(2015) Journal of Information Technology Management, 7, 3, 553-572. (in Persian) (Indexing)

Abstract

With the development of Internet of things (IOT) technologies in recent years, the development of knowledge management systems based on them, as well as the role of these systems in different organizational areas such as staff performance management should be considered. The objective of this study is to design an application based on the IOT, and analysis of its role in staff performance improvement. The methodology of this study is action research based on the design of information systems with RAD approach and prototyping design method, and focus on one of the performance indicators of the Yazd municipality staff, namely daily working time. The proposed knowledge management based structure to control the entry and exit of staff in the case of study, and implementation of its prototype indicated that IOT can play roles in improving staff performance in six specific areas in two parts of data collection and management of entry and exit. In general, IOT could be used as a reliable basis to generate required data for knowledge management in knowledge based processes, especially knowledge discovery in physical and digital environments.

Keywords

Internet Of Things (IOT), Knowledge Management, municipality, RFID, staff performance management

Performance of Metadata Structure of Digital Identifier Systems: Comparative Evaluation

FaJournal Paper
Khedmatgozar, H.R., Alipour-Hafezi, M.
(2017) Iranian Journal of Information Processing and Management. (in Persian) . (forthcoming) Accepted: Feb 29 2016 (Indexing)

Abstract

The main solution to the problems of persistency and uniqueness in identification of digital objects in a web environment is provided by using digital Identifiers instead of the URL. The main basic of this solution is resolution mechanism that is used in digital identifier systems. Resolution is the use of indirect names instead of URLs; what worked for the DNS (Domain Name System) in stabilizing internet hostnames should work for digital object references. Considering that this mechanism is known as the technical backbone of the digital identifier systems, these systems are trying different ways to implement this mechanism with high technical and content quality. Accordingly, performance evaluation of the resolution Structure in digital identifier systems is considered in this study. To achieve this goal, two-step process was designed and implemented on the basis of illustrative evaluation method. In the first step, the basic framework of metadata structure component evaluation was designed with Delphi method. Designed basic Framework in this step contains 9 performance indicators: Conceptual and technical persistency of resolution, Interoperability, reliability, speed and performance, scalability, multiple resolution, Internet functionality and no need to install. In the second step, according to the designed basic framework, an illustrative comparison of 6 well-known worldwide digital identifier systems was carried out, using TOPSIS method. Results of this study revealed that DOI, Handle and UCI identifier systems show high performance in their metadata structure, PURL and ARK systems respectively have mediocre and low efficiency in this component and URN Systems do not have any performance in this component due to the lack of Implemented resolution structures. Analysis of the results also indicated that the main reasons for high performance systems are using of Web proxy as a user interface, increase the speed and performance using solutions such as replication and cache and implementation of multiple resolution mechanisms. The results of this study can be used by researchers of this field and administrators and users of these systems.

Keywords

Digital Identifier System, Resolution Structure, Performance, Comparative Evaluation,

Performance of Resolution Structure of Digital Identifier Systems: Comparative Evaluation

FaJournal Paper
Khedmatgozar, H.R., Alipour-Hafezi, M.
(2017) Information Management Journal. (forthcoming) (in Persian). Accepted: Mar 5 2016 (Indexing)

Abstract

The main solution to the problems of persistency and uniqueness in identification of digital objects in a web environment is provided by using digital Identifiers instead of the URL. The main basic of this solution is resolution mechanism that is used in digital identifier systems. Resolution is the use of indirect names instead of URLs; what worked for the DNS (Domain Name System) in stabilizing internet hostnames should work for digital object references. Considering that this mechanism is known as the technical backbone of the digital identifier systems, these systems are trying different ways to implement this mechanism with high technical and content quality. Accordingly, performance evaluation of the resolution Structure  in digital identifier systems is considered in this study.To achieve this goal, two-step process was designed and implemented on the basis of illustrative evaluation method. In the first step, the basic framework of metadata structure component evaluation was designed with Delphi method. Designed basic Framework in this step contains 9 performance indicators: Conceptual and technical persistency of resolution, Interoperability, reliability, speed and performance, scalability, multiple resolution, Internet functionality and no need to install. In the second step, according to the designed basic framework, an illustrative comparison of 6 well-known worldwide digital identifier systems was carried out, using TOPSIS method. Results of this study revealed that DOI, Handle and UCI identifier systems show high performance in their metadata structure, PURL and ARK systems respectively have mediocre and low efficiency in this component and URN Systems do not have any performance in this component due to the lack of Implemented resolution structures. Analysis of the results also indicated that the main reasons for high performance systems are using of Web proxy as a user interface, increase the speed and performance using solutions such as replication and cache and implementation of multiple resolution mechanisms. The results of this study can be used by researchers of this field and administrators and users of these systems.

Keyword

Digital Identifier System, Resolution Structure, Performance, Comparative Evaluation

Current Situation Pathology of Electronic Theses and Dissertation (ETD) Management in Iran

FaJournal Paper
Khedmatgozar, H.R.
(2013) Science & Technology Discourse, 1,1, 1-18. (in Persian). (Indexing)

Abstract

Theses and dissertations (TDs), as one of the basic scientific productions, have always been considered by higher education authorities and policymakers in the world. During the past two decades, with the development of information technology, a new approach is created and developed in usage of this capability in management of Theses and dissertations. The main product of this approach is Electronic Theses and dissertation (ETD). While this approach has been considered by leader countries in scientific productions from 1994, in Iran this attention has been limited to recent years. In this paper, at first ETD management situation in the world and Iran has been studied. Then, Iran current situation pathology in this approach is done in policymaking, production, registration, organization and dissemination, implementation and establishment, and extracted scientific products sections. Pathology results show a large gap between the current situation of Iran and world successful samples. Finally, suggestions are proposed to overcome these problems and to improve management level of these basic scientific products in Iran.

Keywords

Electronic Theses and dissertation, ETD, Pathology

Introduction of Handle Digital Identifier System

FaJournal Paper
Khedmatgozar, H.R.
(2013) Ketab Mah Koliat, 16, 12, 64-69. (in Persian)

Introduction of Digital Object Identifier System

FaJournal Paper
Khedmatgozar, H.R.
(2014) Ketab Mah Koliat, 17, 2, 69-77. (in Persian)

The Role of Perceived Risk in Adoption of Electronic Tickets in Public Urban Transport by Citizens of Yazd City

Conference PaperFa
Yeganehfard, T., Khedmatgozar, H.R., Mirghafoori, S.H.
(2015) 7th National Conference on Urban Planning and Management, Mashhad, Iran; 11/2015

Abstract

The emergence and increasing development of information technologies, has affected the human lives nowadays, and offers speed, efficiency, flexibility and innovation to its users. The success of this phenomenon depends on its acceptance and use by the target population. Rejection and consequent failure of the technology leads to a waste of resources; thus identifying the factors affecting the adoption of a technology is of great important. One of the application areas of information technology is the field of urban public transport and electronic ticket. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors affecting the adoption of electronic ticket by citizens. For this purpose, this study examined the effect of perceived risks (including time, financial, performance, social, security and privacy) on adoption of the electronic ticket among the citizens of Yazd city based on the theory of perceived risk. Results from using structural equations modeling and confirmatory factor analysis showed that financial, performance, time, order, security and privacy risks are main reducing the intentions of citizens to adoption electronic ticket, social risk is very small negative effect on the adoption intention. Based on these results, strategies to reduce significantly the risk of adoption electronic ticket was presented to the citizens of the city of Yazd.

Keywords

adoption, electronic ticket, urban public transport, perceived risk Theory (PRT)

Applying IT for ReEngineering of an Administrative Multi Organizational Process: Investment on Industry Area in Yazd Province

Conference PaperFa
Lotfi, M.M., Khedmatgozar H.R.
(2009) 7th International Managenemt Conference, Tehran, Iran; 12/2009

Abstract

In recent years, many administrative organizations have executed inter organizational process improving projects in direction with their transformation plans. But, sometimes a process is shared between several organizations and then in addition to internal problems into each organization, the problems related to linkage between them and coordinating their processes also increase complexity of this subject. Information technology is an enabler tool for process reengineering. In this paper, two roles of IT in process optimization including 1) process combinations for creating new process, and 2) changing process data flow, are considered in the form of two models: a short range model for improving and a long range model for reengineering of the process of investment on industry area in Yazd province. The Examinations showed that nearly 80% of solutions in short range model were executive, and the most favorable result of this model is 17% reduction in time process. On the other hand, although implementing of long range model requires providing many common infrastructures and capabilities in organizations involving in this process, but evaluation of its results will be presented dramatic economical savings.

Keywords

Multi Organizational Process, Reengineering, Information Technology (IT), Process Improving, Investment

Multi- Dimensional Constructs Research Method

BookFa
Hanafizadeh, P., Rahmani, A., Khedmatgozar, H.R. (Ed.)
(2010) Tehran: Teremeh Publication. (in Persian)

Visualization of Metadata Universe Standards

BookFaTranslation
Khedmatgozar, H.R., Mousavizadeh, M.
(2016) Tehran: Chapar Publication. (in Persian)

Abstract

This book that has been written and translated by Dr. Hamid Reza Khedmatgozar and Mrs. Maryam Mousavizadeh in Persian, intends to provide a wide range of metadata universe in visual format. Metadata standards have a diversified range and include various types, in such a way that professionals and managers are faced with a problem, to decide on the use of them in their activities. The visual presentation of these standards can be a good guide to solve this problem. Because the visualization due to its advantages, such as the effective transfer of information, the ability to understand complex or large data sets and user friendliness, is used with such a goal. Metadata standards in this book, refers to the instructions, protocols, structures, models and other standard formats, which have emphasized from different aspects and approaches to the concept of metadata. This book includes two chapters. The first chapter introduces the concept of visualization, benefits and types of visualization, infographics as a special type of visualization and advantages, applications, history and types of infographics. Then, in the second chapter, classification of 105 metadata standards in the four-axis of function, purpose, domain and community, visualization of these standards, and finally a brief introduction of each standard are presented. Also, at the end of the book, one list consists of website addresses of 105 standards is provided. Parts of the second chapter this book is a translation of the Riley (2010) work. In this infographics work, she has exhibited the classification of metadata standards along with specialized glossary, which briefly has introduced each standard. This book can be used as a reference in the field of standards metadata for students and professionals of Information Science, information Technology Management and Engineering.

Design of a National System for Digital Identifier of Information Objects

FaPh.D Dissertation
Khedmatgozar, H.R.
(2016) Ph.D Dissertation, Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology- IRANDOC, Tehran, Iran Examination Board: This research was supported by a PhD-fund from Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, Iran (MSRT)- IT Leadership Council

ABSTRACT

Identifier is one of the main elements in identifying an object or entity in digital environment. Digital identifier systems were developed followed by a lot of problems such as violation of persistency and uniqueness of physical identifiers and URL in digital identification of objects or entity. These identifiers guarantee uniqueness and persistency of hostnames by using indirect names for Domain Name System (DNS). Given the importance of these identifiers in the management of contents in the digital environment, according to the survey, no system has been created for this purpose in Iran. Also, no research has been done in order to design of a framework for evaluating the components of digital identifier systems in the world And continuing into, to design and validation of a national system in order to unique identification of digital objects and information entities in Persian language. It becomes more important, according to the current needs of Iran to this system in fields such as citation systems, scientific publications, web archiving and e-commerce and also distinctly different of Iran in the areas such as: existence of national information network infrastructure and lack of mechanisms to implement intellectual property rights in the digital environment. On the other hand, digital identifier systems in the world have serious shortcomings in the areas of identification conceptual levels, identifier allocation, multiple resolution and discovery of property rights violation. Therefore, the main objective of this research is to design a National digital identifier System for information entities and objects, which provides practical solutions to the shortcomings mentioned. In this study, based on the pragmatism paradigm and applied approach, after identification of the applications and requirements and cognitive evaluation (based on a framework consists of 7 main criteria in 3 areas of identifier features, digital coverage and comprehensiveness of scope ) and quality evaluation (based on a framework consists of 7 components and 64 performance indicators) of the main digital identifier systems in the world ,consists of ARK, DOI, Handle, PURL, UCI and URN in analysis satage, conceptual design of Persian Entity Digital Identifier system was performed based on the throwaway prototyping methodology. The results of conceptual design and proposed solutions validation with three methods of benchmarking, prototyping and usage metrics showed that this conceptual design, while having adequate validity, offers practical valid solutions to address the noted shortcomings. The results of this study can be used by researchers of science and technology, administrators of these systems for using these results in their future plans, and potential users of digital identifiers in Iran, especially in potential and actual application areas of these identifiers.

Keywords

Digital Identifier Systems, Object, Entity, Digital environment, Conceptual Design

Key Determinants of Continual Usage Behavior toward Internet Banking Services in Iran

FaMaster Thesis
Khedmatgozar, H.R.
(2010) Master Thesis, Department of Financial Engineering, University of Science & Culture, Tehran, Iran
  • Supervisor: Dr. Payam Hanafizadeh, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
  • Advisor: Dr. Abolfazl Kazemi, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran
  • Score: 19.95/20

Abstract

One of the major issues banks are faced with in providing Internet Banking (IB) services is the issue of adoption of these services by the costumers. The present study considers two concepts of the dimensions of the perceived risk and IB awareness simultaneously. It, also, in its research model, investigates the effect of IB awareness on each dimension of the perceived risk and the effect of these dimensions on costumers’ intention of IB adoption. The results indicate that IB awareness acts as a factor reducing all dimensions of the perceived risk (including time, financial, performance, social, security, and privacy). In addition, it was found that except for social risk, other dimensions of the perceived risk have significantly negative effect on the intention of IB adoption. Finally, proving the direct and positive effect of IB awareness on adoption intention, it was concluded that IB awareness has a moderating role in the negative effects of the dimensions of the perceived risk on IB adoption intention. Considering these results, management approaches centering on the concept of IB awareness are offered for reducing the dimensions of costumers’ perceived risk.

 Keywords

Internet banking, Adoption, Dimensions of the Perceived Risk, Awareness

A Conceptual Framework for Operational Definition of Content

Conference PaperFa
Khedmatgozar, H.R., Hanafizadeh, P., Alipour-Hafezi, M.
(2016) 4th National Conference on IT Managers, Tehran, Iran; 11/2016

Abstract

Content is a term that has been highly regarded by researchers and practitioners of different fields, to the extent that it has been referred to the King. However, different researchers have approached the definition of content from a specific point of view so that such differences in conceptions and definitions sometimes lead to controversies. So the main question is taken into consideration in this study is: What is really content?. In order to answer this question, in this study after identifying the different definitions of this term in different contexts, based on comparative evaluation method, these definitions are compared. After that, based on analysis of these results, a conceptual framework called (3C) is proposed for describing the process of content creation and integrating content definitions. This framework, through a simple but efficient representation, intends to offer an operational definition of content which can be used in all fields of research and practice. According to this framework, content is a subjective creation in the mind of work creator which has different expressions and manifestations. It is transferred through appropriate conduits to the respective conduitee by being placed in containers of different kinds like product, service, or procedure. The framework indicates that the concept of content is the outcome of multiple processes malfunctioning one of which renders it meaningless. Then, in order to validate the proposed framework, it has been interpreted in three different contexts. The result of this analysis shows that the proposed framework is valid. In the end, as suggestions for the future, questions have been raised that researchers can respond to them in order to develop this framework.

Keywords

Intellectual process, Content, Conduit, Conduitee, Operational Definition, Creation